Rosamond Gifford Zoo

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Green-spotted Puffer Fish

Tetraodon nigroviridis

The green-spotted pufferfish is a small tropical fish covered in small spines, with a leathery texture on its skin. Adults have a dark green color on top with white stomachs and dark spots, while juveniles are a less vivid green.

Range & Habitat

The Green-Spotted puffer is found in Southeast Asian countries, including Indonesia, Indochina, Malaysia, and the Philippines. They live in coastal areas, freshwater rivers and other shallow areas, as well as in the sea. Adults spend most of their time in the ocean but can be occasionally found in slow-moving rivers.

Conservation Status: Least Concern

The only major threat to the green-spotted pufferfish is that it is commonly caught in the wild for the commercial aquarium trade.


In the wild: Fish, crustaceans, mollusks, worms, and vascular plants.
At the zoo: Flake, frozen, or live shrimp, bloodworms, kelp, etc.


Life Span

10 to 15 years

Fun Facts about the Green-spotted Puffer Fish

  •  The Green-spotted pufferfish has a rock-hard beak and sharp teeth to allow them to east vascular plants and detritus.
  •  This fish has no pelvic fins and instead uses it’s pectoral fins for maneuverability, allowing it to swim forward or backward with lots of energy.
  •  The Green-spotted pufferfish spending most of it’s time in the wild hunting and eating. In human care, overfeeding them can be potentially lethal.



Green spotted pufferfish [Fact sheet]. (n.d.). Edinburgh Zoo. Retrieved April 2, 2021, from

Photo ark: Green spotted pufferfish [Fact sheet]. (n.d.). National Geographic. Retrieved April 2, 2021, from

Spotted puffer fish [Fact sheet]. (n.d.). Animal-World. Retrieved April 2, 2021, from

Updated June 7, 2021